The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) are set to announce a new United Nations Coalition Fund at COP26, to significantly improve the collection of essential weather and climate data and boost the international response to climate change.
The Systematic Observations Finance Facility (SOFF) will plug the data gaps that undermine efforts to understand the past and current climate, as well as the capacity to predict and project future climate scenarios. This, in turn, weakens international efforts to prepare for and respond to extreme weather events such as floods, hurricanes and drought.
To respond to the explosive growth in the demand for weather and climate data to support essential services needed by all sectors of society, 193 member countries and territories of the World Meteorological Congress approved an integrated package including a Unified Data Policy, the Global Basic Observing Network (GBON), and the SOFF, to dramatically strengthen the world’s weather and climate services.
Petteri Taalas, WMO secretary-general, said, “If you don’t have observations, then you are not able to provide good forecasts. We have major data gaps in our observing systems in Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific islands and some parts of Latin America. Those countries are not able to provide high quality early warning services because they don’t have enough input data for the forecast models.”
Over the next 10 years, the SOFF will build capacity in 75 Small Island Developing States and Least Developed Countries to enable them to generate and exchange essential weather and climate data, in compliance with internationally agreed standards of GBON.
The SOFF will have a life-saving impact in the most vulnerable countries to climate change, where decades of progress can be wiped out by a single extreme event. However, the benefits of SOFF will be felt everywhere; countries across the globe will have access to improved weather forecasts and climate services at a critical time when impacts of climate change are intensifying everywhere.
Achim Steiner, administrator of the UNDP, said, “Extreme weather and climate events are now increasing in frequency, intensity and severity as a result of climate change. Vulnerable communities are among the hardest hit. To help address this, they need access to the very best of technology to adapt to the effects of climate change and reduce risk.”
Weather and climate observations enabled by the SOFF are essential if the world community is to realize fully the US$162bn annually in socio-economic benefits of weather and climate prediction. According to a recent World Bank report, the potential global disaster management benefits enabled by the SOFF are estimated at US$66bn per year and improved economic production resulting from better planning is estimated at about US$96bn annually. Weather-sensitive sectors such as agriculture, water, energy, transportation, construction and insurance will see the greatest benefits.
Recognizing the value of the SOFF, countries are already providing indications of financial contribution. These will be unveiled at the event in Glasgow on November 3.
Inger Andersen, executive director of UNEP, added, “As we look towards a planet potentially hurtling towards 3°C at the end of the century, we need to step up climate action dramatically and this must be underpinned by the best available science and data. The Systematic Observations Finance Facility is key to achieving this.”