The UK’s Met Office has expanded an initiative developed with British universities to better understand the increasing impacts of extreme weather and climate change and how these affect society.
The Met Office Academic Partnership (MOAP) is fusing the research excellence of the Met Office and leading UK universities through a formal collaboration to advance the science and skill of weather and climate prediction. The partnership will embrace the challenges set out in the Met Office’s newly refreshed research and innovation strategy.
Dr George Pankiewicz, head of science partnership at the Met Office, said, “Tackling the challenges of high-impact weather and climate can no longer be treated as a single discipline as it increasingly requires involvement from scientists in other sectors including health, technology, artificial intelligence and the social sciences.
“So, we are developing our academic partnership to bring together the best of UK scientific research. By working with other centers of expertise we can cover topics where the Met Office doesn’t necessarily have an acknowledged expertise.
“A good topical example of how this program is expected to make great advances is in the sphere of heat health. This summer we saw temperature records being broken across the UK. But around the northern hemisphere there were also multiple heatwave events, bringing disruption and societal impacts to many communities.
“The increasing frequency and intensity of heat events is something that humanity will have to increasingly adapt to. Scientists at the Met Office and elsewhere are building the body of research about these events, but we recognize that isn’t sufficient alone to help society rise to future challenges.”
Dr Verity Payne, UK science partnership manager at the Met Office, added, “We also need to work with scientists specializing in health and social sciences to understand more about the high-temperature impacts on society, including heat stress and mortality, and to find the best ways of mitigating the worst impacts.
“This will involve integrating lots of different sets of information and data into climate models, aided by the development of novel supercomputers providing more power. Scientists with specialisms in artificial intelligence and machine learning can, in turn, discover profound new ways of analyzing data and improving insights. The wider the sphere of expertise we can draw upon, the more sophisticated societal response can become.”
Bristol University in the UK is a key partner in the delivery of the heat health aspect. Professor Dann Mitchell, joint MOAP chair at Bristol University, said, “The impacts of higher temperatures on health are numerous and often feed back on each other in negative ways. They range from immediate impacts, such as direct temperature stress on humans, animals and ecosystems, to longer-term factors such as decreased cognitive health from persistent exposure to decades of hotter nights.
“To calculate the full health burden of increasing heat on society it is important to carry out research blending traditional climate and weather science with different disciplines such as health science, town planning and social responses to emergencies.
“Blending these strands together and fusing them into new research is one of the reasons why I am so excited about the momentum and real-world solutions that the academic partnership brings.”
Professor Stephen Belcher, Met Office chief scientist, concluded, “Extreme weather events and climate change pose some of the greatest risks facing humanity. Tackling them is an urgent and huge undertaking. The Met Office can’t do it alone – the Met Office Academic Partnership harnesses the best of UK research and will give us the best chance of coping with and adapting to future change.”